What is a Claim? Claim[kleym]noun1.An insurance Claim is a policyholder’s request to an insurance company for restitution based on the terms of the insurance Policy. The insurance company, through an Adjuster, investigates the validity of the Claim and pays the policyholder. Share | Have A Question About This Topic? Name Email Address Message Thank you! Oops! Related Content Surprises Making the most of surprises is a great reason to work with us. 10 Most Common and Costly Small Business Claims Here are the 10 most common claims against small businesses. Are you covered? Protecting Those Who Matter Most The importance of life insurance, how it works, and how much coverage you need.